Drugs are substances that act directly on the brain, including alcohol or cigarettes. When someone consumes for a long time, they leave traces, say specialists, who do not get to fix themselves, perhaps, all their lives. “We can imagine this situation as people passing through a park. If enough people pass through the grass, at one point, that grass is rotten and does not grow.
A new path is being formed. The same happens with the drugs. If they are consumed for a long time, they create some mechanisms through which the brain interacts with these substances.
The brain is accustomed to functioning in severe cases only in the presence of the substance. “When someone tries to give up those substances, those paths created over time remain there. The brain does not change quickly. It will take time for the grass to grow again. The person needs time to get used to a life without consumption. It will be a period of transition in people will experience what is called lust.
In the first stage, for a period of 7-10 days or longer, withdrawal symptoms, physical symptoms through which the body suffers because it no longer receives the substance appear. There is trembling, sweating, sickness and alcohol, and heroin develops very bad flu, with rhinorrhea, lacrimation, and bone pain. The relation between co-dependency and addiction is strong and that needs to be considered.
After these withdrawal symptoms, which can be relieved by medication, follows the period in which the brain begins to function without that substance and appetite for consumption. “Even if the patient is no longer physically ill, he begins to experience a lust. This is not proof that the person is bad or unmotivated, but simply is the way this pass from consumption to non-consumption.
The brain does not change so quickly, it needs to accommodate the new state of abstinence. There are people who can experience lust for years after they no longer consume it. There are smokers, for example, who reappear from smoking after 10 years. Somehow these ways continue to remain, but they are becoming weaker. As the person accumulates more abstinence, these episodes of lust are becoming weaker in intensity and rarer.
If people have consumed for long periods of time or even become addicted, it is possible that these pathways appear for the rest of their lives, but more rarely, the psychologist explains, and the motivation for change is essential in this case. “Severe dependencies should be treated with specialized treatment because the person no longer has the voluble ability to resist cravings. Treatment depends a lot on the person, because some are more impulsive, others have more self-control. One to be addicted and homeless and unemployed, and another is to be dependent on your family and a job. But in a socially conditioned man, an average treatment lasts between three and six months, but contact with a psychiatrist, psychiatrist, should be kept for about a year.